Category: <span>Individual Treatment</span>

eating disorders

Eating Disorders: Major Types and Symptoms

In the United States alone, approximately 10 million men and 20 million women will have an eating disorder at some point in their lives. Eating disorders are serious, life-threatening conditions that are characterized by unhealthy eating habits such as food binges or purges. They often begin with an obsession with food, body shape, or weight. Types of Eating Disorders can affect one’s mental and physical health and even lead to death in severe cases.

Eating disorders are treated with a combination of medical care and psychological intervention such as dialectical behavior therapy. Treatments and symptoms may vary, depending on the type of eating disorder.

Below are common types of eating disorders:


People with Anorexia nervosa consider themselves overweight, even if they’re dangerously underweight. They resort to persistent behaviors such as binge eating and excessive physical activity in order to lose weight.

Those with anorexia constantly track their calorie intake and follow restricted eating patterns. They are unwilling to maintain a healthy weight and often disguise their appearance and eating habits.

Over time people with anorexia may experience:

  • Abnormal blood counts
  • Bluish discoloration of the fingers
  • Dehydration
  • Dry or yellowish skin
  • Fainting or dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Thinning or falling hair
  • Insomnia
  • Intolerance of cold
  • Irregularity or absence of menstruation


eating disorder

Bulimia nervosa is characterized by eating large amounts of food and then getting rid of the calories via self-induced vomiting, excessive physical activity, or misuse of laxatives or diet pills.

After a binge episode, individuals may experience gastrointestinal problems such as nausea, bloating, and abdominal pain.

Repeated bingeing episodes may result in:

  • Acid reflux
  • Chronic stomach discomfort
  • Cramping
  • Diarrhea
  • Gastric dilation and gastric perforation
  • Heartburn
  • High blood pressure
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Low energy, sleepiness, and sluggishness


Pica is a condition that involves consuming nonfood items such as soil, soap, chalk, sand, paper, cloth, hair, pebbles, or cornstarch.

Pica typically occurs in children, pregnant women, and individuals with mental disabilities such as schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Depending on the items consumed, pica may even result in loss of life.

Complications associated with pica include:

  • Blockages in the digestive tract
  • Constipation
  • Gut injuries
  • Kidney or liver disease
  • Lead poisoning
  • Nutritional deficiencies

Rumination syndrome

Rumination disorder is a behavioral condition in which a person repeatedly and unintentionally regurgitates partially or undigested food digested food from the stomach. Then rechews it and either spits or swallows it again.

Since the food has yet to be digested, it is non-acidic and tastes normal. Rumination usually happens after every meal. The condition is typically observed in individuals suffering from depression, anxiety, and other mental illnesses.

Rumination syndrome can cause:

  • Bad breath
  • Dental erosion
  • Malnutrition
  • Social isolation

Begin your healing at CCBH

If you or a loved one is suffering from an eating disorder, don’t be afraid or embarrassed to seek professional help. There are many treatment options for you.

The Center for Cognitive and Behavior Therapy provides a safe and supportive space for individuals dealing with eating disorders. By engaging in Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), people can learn how to effectively regulate behaviors and emotions to improve quality of life.

Call us at 1-888-745-3372 to schedule an appointment.

grieving for someone's loss

Life After Loss: Dealing with Grief

Oftentimes, people associate grief with the death or loss of a loved one. This is inaccurate, though, as people can feel grief when losing things, such as a job, a relationship, a home or even losing a body part like a leg or arm. Dropping out of school or even being diagnosed with a terminal illness likewise create certain forms of grief, Dealing with Grief . Grief is more about the feeling of loss, and not about what or who was lost.

In this article, we discuss grief and its stages, and when it’s necessary to seek professional help. There are experts available to provide you with CBT in Westport, Connecticut.

What is Grief?

Grief is an intense emotional and physical response that an individual experiences after loss. While grief can be from losing intangible things like a relationship, status, a person’s future (as when diagnosed with a terminal illness), the most common and often paralyzing sort of grief is the type that arises from the loss of a loved one.

This kind of grief is marked by extreme sadness, but is accompanied by a strong desire to be reunited with the deceased. In extreme cases, intense and complicated feelings of grief can give rise to suicidal tendencies of the bereaved. Another route that grief can go is for it to manifest as physical symptoms.

Those experiencing extreme grief may exhibit symptoms like:

  • Dry mouth
  • Headaches
  • Chest pains
  • Shortness of Breath or asphyxiation
  • Stomach pain
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Sleeplessness

The Three Elements of Grief

There are three major psychological components of grief, and these are:


While those who grieve focus on the loss of the person, there are other intangibles that were lost with their death. The deceased could have been the source of affection for the bereaved, emotional security, or represented hope for a good future for the person mourning. Helping the bereaved realize what was lost along with the deceased is a vital step, since each loss must be dealt with to cope with grief.


This is an unavoidable consequence of losing a loved one, and the complexity of the change that the bereaved has to deal with is dependent on what sort of role the deceased played in the life of those in mourning. Adapting to the abrupt change of having to explore new things, or carrying on with certain things without the deceased can be a huge challenge for the bereaved. Those grieving need time to deal with the change that comes with the loss of a loved one.


Since the death of their loved one was beyond their control, this can feel overwhelming for the bereaved. This feeling of having no control over the loss can lock the bereaved in feelings of vulnerability and isolation.

 The Grief Pattern

Those who grieve describe their feelings of loss as moving in a wave-like pattern; most report the intensity and frequency of these wave-like feelings of grief lessen with the passing of time, although intense and overwhelming feelings of grief can impact them at any time, even years after the loss. The grief can be triggered by anything, an object or event that is connected with any memory that involves the deceased. These triggers of grief can come unexpectedly, but some may also be anticipated if they are connected to an important date. Note that these triggered waves of grief are normal, and don’t have to be taken as a sign of mounting grief or depression. The intensity of these waves usually lessens, with time.

CBT for the Grieving

The role of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is to assist the bereaved in accepting the loss of their loved one, allowing them to grieve, and at the same time guiding and supporting them as they strive to create a new life. Most bereaved persons must be allowed to tell their story, express their thoughts and feelings, try to make sense of the loss, and then given the support they need to move their lives forward without their loved one.

At the Center for Cognitive and Behavioral Health, our therapists and physicians can help ease your physical and psychological symptoms of extreme grief. We can also provide personalized care to help you deal with the loss of a loved one. Contact us if you, a friend or your family needs our counseling.

eating disorder

University Life: The Impact of Eating Disorders on College Students

College can be tough for some students. Apart from dealing with all the requirements of their course, they also face challenges that they may choose to keep to themselves. This struggle often leads to complications, like eating disorders, that affect their overall wellbeing.

Unhealthy eating habits can lead to serious health problems, such as nerve damage, multi-organ failure, and bone loss, among others. Although treatments for people with bulimia and anorexia exist, it’s critical to first determine the reasons behind the eating disorder.

Eating Disorders are Common in College

Statistics show that about 30 million Americans may deal with a type of eating disorder, such as binge-eating, anorexia, and bulimia, at some point in their life. Anyone can have an eating disorder, regardless of age and gender.

Researchers explain that eating problems are likely to occur or worsen during the college years. A survey shows that 10 percent of college students have an eating disorder. Social pressure to make friends, get involved in a romantic relationship, and fear of gaining weight are some factors that can trigger the development of such conditions.

Although several factors can cause eating disorders, a negative body image is a major contributor to this problem. Some individuals would develop unhealthy habits, such as vomiting, improper use of laxatives, and excessive exercise, to avoid gaining weight.

Diminishing Personal Relationships

An eating disorder usually develops due to underlying emotional or psychiatric issues, which in some cases, are not rooted in the desire to lose weight. This can be a coping strategy for dealing with the issues some people find difficult to face.

Apart from peer pressure, major life changes trigger the development of unhealthy eating habits among college students. As the eating disorder progresses, it compromises the patient’s relationship with their loved ones.

You may feel hopeless in thinking that you can’t help a loved one recover from an eating disorder. People facing this condition tend to isolate themselves and avoid social interactions, especially with their loved ones. Eating disorders can feed people with negative thoughts and behaviors that can ruin relationships.

Helping College Students Recover

An eating disorder is a serious condition that needs an immediate solution. Some students, however, don’t undergo treatment for several reasons. These include:

  • They don’t know they have an eating disorder
  • They feel embarrassed about their condition
  • They are not aware of treatment options

Recovering from an eating disorder can be different for individuals. But it is essential for every person struggling with this condition to feel safe in a supportive and loving environment. You can help a loved one by recognizing the signs of eating disorders and then gently expressing your concern for their wellbeing.

Listen. Understand. And support the person through their struggle. You can also suggest they speak with a counselor.

Here at the Center for Cognitive and Behavioral Health, we offer therapies, like Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, to help people recover from eating disorders. Our team of psychiatrists provides a safe, supportive, and comfortable environment to manage the condition better.

We practice a holistic approach to mental health where we guide individuals in understanding unpleasant feelings without judgment. These techniques can help them develop strong coping strategies against their condition.

Contact us today to know more about our programs.

Eating Disorder During Pregnancy

Regaining Body Control: Overcoming an Eating Disorder During Pregnancy

Carrying a child means ensuring your nutrition and well-being. The lack of proper nutrition could have adverse effects on your and your baby’s health.

For people with eating disorders (ED) — a group of illnesses differentiated by irregular eating habits and a fixation on body weight — the changes during would-be motherhood could cause profound distress. While some ED patients improve during pregnancy, some may relapse even after they’ve recovered from the condition.

The Center for Cognitive and Behavioral Health encourages ED patients to seek eating disorder treatment in Westport. The condition may make the already difficult transition into motherhood a lot harder.

Eating Disorder Risks Overlap with Childbearing Years

Men and women of all ages can experience an ED. But the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women’s Health share that women in their 20s and early teens are more likely to suffer from anorexia and bulimia. The research notes that women in their mid to late-20s are more likely to receive a diagnosis for binge eating disorder (BED).

Some women carry a higher ED risk during their childbearing years. A 2013 study from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health holds that the risk of developing ED during pregnancy is “alarmingly high.” The findings show that 1 in every 21 women had an ED while pregnant.

Some mothers-to-be may even develop an ED for the first time while pregnant. Of the respondents, 1.7 percent report developing a new case of binge eating disorder (BED).

Keeping Up with Physical Changes during Pregnancy

For those with a history of ED, there is a high risk of relapse during and after pregnancy. In turn, this could lead to harmful behaviour, such as restricting food, over-exercising, and binge eating.

All the attention on eating well during pregnancy and measuring weight loss at prenatal appointments could, for instance, be a trigger for women who already have complicated relationships with food and their bodies.

And social media doesn’t make things any better — there are countless pictures of women sporting flat chests and six-packs months into their pregnancy on Instagram. This could take a psychological toll because control and positive body image relate strongly to an eating disorder.

The Need for Compassionate Care

Having a baby is a stressful time, but some may feel uncomfortable sharing their struggles because they feel like pregnancy should be a “euphoric” experience. Choosing not to speak up may stem from a fear of judgment, blame, or intervention. And this is why eating disorders during pregnancy are hard to detect and even more challenging to treat.

But recovery is possible. Pregnancies conceived during a pregnancy do not have to end in tragedy since the outcome could depend on your weight, nutritional status, and the type of support you receive from doctors.

Soon-to-be mothers need adequate support, guidance, and understanding when coping with an ED during pregnancy. And it all starts by receiving multi-faceted, compassionate treatment.

The Center for Cognitive and Behavioral Health helps patients overcome unhealthy eating behaviors. We provide mental tools to help you develop healthy coping skills. Contact us today.

mental health adults

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