Substance Abuse in Adolescents

While some exploration of drugs and alcohol is normative during adolescence, most adults with substance abuse disorders report beginning use during adolescence, making early intervention important. Substance use disorders range from problematic use to addiction; research indicates that even teens who are not addicted to substances can benefit from behavioral treatment. Though not direct indicators of a substance abuse disorder, warning signs can include: changes in eating or sleeping patterns, unexplained personality changes, sudden changes in relationships, groups of friends, or favorite hangouts, declining school or work attendance and/or performance, or deterioration in personal grooming. Many adolescents with untreated mental health conditions begin to use substances as a form of self-medication, creating a cycle of emotional avoidance that inhibits the opportunity to learn and practice new, more adaptive coping skills.